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After the cancellation of parliamentary elections in January 1992, which the Islamist opposition party, the Islamic Salvation Front (in French, FIS) was poised to win, a building confrontation between the military-backed government and Islamist armed groups quickly expanded. The welfare system is financed by contributions from employers and employees as well as the state. The National Institute of Music revives music, dance, and folklore from the ancient Arabic and Moorish traditions.

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Any other recognisable players: They’re probably the best known of all the teams here, so Kolo Toure, Cheick Tiote, Gervinho, Wilfried Bony, Max Gradel and Lacina Traore to name but a few. Like the rest of state-owned companies, Sonelgaz is slated for restructuring. Tamazight is studied in Algeria and since 2002 has been recognized as a national, but not official, language; despite popular unrest in Kabylie, Berbers have yet to achieve a strong political identity in an Algerian democracy.

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In 2013 and 2014, the thresholds for several programs were revised and a new LPP program was introduced for middle class households, resulting in the following set of housing options (see next page). During our second night there, the invasion force, just as mysteriously, slipped away. In July, 1910, the society numbered; 600 priests, 250 brothers; 70 novices, with 80 pupils in the theological classes. Internal protests and insurgency, as well as boycotts by some Western nations and institutions, led to the regime's eventual willingness to negotiate a peaceful transition to majority rule.

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In the Sahel, it can result in flash floods in low-lying areas. Morocco proper is bordered on the N by the Mediterranean Sea and the two Spanish enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla, on the E and SE by Algeria, on the S by Western Sahara, and on the W by the Atlantic Ocean, with a total land boundary length of 2,018 km (1,254 mi) and a coastline of 1,835 km (1,140 mi). Since then, six other pipelines have been constructed, including the first trans-Mediterranean gas pipeline (Transmed) to Europe via Sicily, built at a cost of $3 billion.

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Meanwhile, there are approximately 500 000 units that are still designated precarious dwellings and two million are in poor condition, having been constructed prior to independence in 1962. The departure of the predominantly right-wing element among the settler population is reflected in the referendum held in Algeria on 1 July 1962. But the GIA also receives considerable aid from Iran and Sudan. Full article on Africa: Tunisia Win, Algeria Held By Cameroon (Source: Confédération Africaine de Football) 10 October 2016 01:38 Second half goals from Aymen Abdennour and substitute Anis Ben-Hatira powered Tunisia to a 2-0 win over Guinea in their Group A clash on Sunday in Monastir.

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The Algerian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation is offering five scholarship opportunities to South African students to study at universities in Algeria. Algeria is a strong, tested counterterror partner whereas the fruits of Morocco’s high-publicized “soft” counter-terrorism efforts are yet to be seen. In 1999, the country had 1 Internet service provider. Belmoktar, the leader of a newly formed Saharan al Qaeda franchise that split from al Qaeda in the Islamic Magrheb (AQIM) last fall, remains at large, likely hunkering down in northern Mali, where he is believed to have amassed weapons and a war chest of millions of dollars from ransom payments and smuggling.

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Yet even in many of these more ambiguous cases it seems hard to make a strong case in favor of colonialism actually fostering development. In November 1965, the United Kingdom created a new colony, the British Indian Ocean Territory, from three island groups (Aldabra, Farquhar, and Des Roches) and the Chagos Archipelago (formerly a dependency of Mauritius). Like the pieds noirs, the Jews were faced with a stark choice: suitcase or coffin. Joint Communiqué on the occasion of the Second Session of the South Africa-Namibia Bi-National Commission (BNC).

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From the start of military operations in Algeria, the Secretary of State and the Secretary of Defense issued guidelines regarding “the attitude to adopt vis-à-vis the rebels in Algeria” advocating a “more brutal, swifter, and more complete” military response, and asking “each soldier to use his imagination to apply the most appropriate means compatible with their soldier’s conscience.” Certain specific rules were spelled out to the soldiers, such as: “All rebels making use of a weapon or seen with a weapon in hand or in the process of committing acts of violence will be shot on the spot,” and more importantly: “One must open fire on all suspects that attempt to escape.” As a result of these orders, summary executions were legitimized a priori: the military units only had to declare the victims of these assassination “runaways” or “suspects attempting to escape” in order to receive immunity under this far-reaching authorization.

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Most Taxis have no taxmeter so arrange a price in advance. This is for two reasons: Morocco's disputed claim to portions of western Algeria (which led to the Sand War in 1963), and Algeria's support for the Polisario Front, an armed group of Sahrawi refugees seeking independence for the Moroccan-ruled Western Sahara, which it hosts within its borders in the city of Tindouf. EcotechWoodB. is installed very quickly and easily using standard tools.

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Two months after the Libyan-Italian agreement, the EU agreed to lift its 18-year arms embargo because Libya abandoned its weapons of mass destruction program. In April 2001, a Berber youth taken into custody by the police was killed, sparking months of demonstrations and rioting in the northeastern region of Kabylie. The husband, his wives, and their children continued to live with the husband's parents. These pre-colonial states, Islamic expansion and a strong pre-colonial trade network all contributed to a diverse and complex social environment into which European traders, explorers and missionaries entered, perhaps naively.