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By Max Born, H. S. Green

This paper outlines a normal idea whose item is to supply a foundation from which all of the equilibrium and dynamical houses of drinks may be investigated. a suite of multiform distribution features is outlined, and the generalized continuity equations happy by way of those capabilities are derived. by way of introducing the equations of movement, a collection of relatives is bought from which the distribution features could be made up our minds. it really is proven that Boltzmann's equation within the kinetic idea of gases follows as a selected case, and that, in equilibrium stipulations, the idea provides effects in line with statistical mechanics. An fundamental equation for the radial distribution functionality is acquired that is the normal generalization of 1 acquired by way of Kirkwood for 'rigid round molecules'. eventually, it truly is indicated how the speculation might be utilized to unravel either equilibrium and dynamical difficulties of the liquid kingdom.

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The measured value is about 8 kJ/mol as shown in Fig. 6 times as much as the estimation, but it can be said that it is a rather good estimation for such a simple model. The magnetostatic energy that a ferromagnetic material exerts on its surroundings is no more than around 3 J/mol. On the other hand, the interaction energy of the source of spontaneous magnetization is about 8 kJ/mol as described previously, and it is about 2500 times greater. Why does so much energy act between spins? This difficult problem was solved by the idea of ‘‘exchange energy’’ based on the quantum theory that W.

In the case of transition metals in the center of the periodic table, OL < 0 because they are easy to merge in both Fe and Al. However, in case of alkaline metals (Na, K, and so on) in the left end of the table and semimetals (Bi, Sb, and so on) in the right end, OL > 0 and they are difficult to merge in them. 3] Show that the enthalpy of solid solution of a ternary system A-B-C can be approximated by the following equation according to the B-W-G model. *If water and alcohol are mixed, then ‘‘heat’’ is generated.

C) The measured result of equilibrium concentration of vacancies If the thermal expansion rate of the lattice constant by heating (Da/a) and the thermal expansion coefficient of the sample (DL/L) are measured, because the former is by the change of only the interatomic distance and the latter is by the change of both the interatomic distance and the concentration of vacancies, then the value of equilibrium concentration of vacancies can be obtained by: n ¼ N       DL 3 Da 3 DL Da À 1þ %3 1þ À L a L a As shown in Fig.

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