By Prem Poddar, Rajeev Patke, Lars Jensen
Local Editors: John Beverley, Charles Forsdick, Pierre-Philippe Fraiture, Ruth Ben-Ghiat, Theo Dh'aen, Lars Jensen, Birthe Kundrus, Elizabeth Monasterios, Phillip RothwellThis quantity enhances A historic significant other to Postcolonial Literatures in English (Edinburgh, 2005) and is the 1st connection with combine an authoritative physique of labor at the political, cultural, and fiscal contexts of postcolonial literatures originating in Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Latin the United States, and the Philippines. accomplished in its geographical scope, the spouse extends from South the USA and the Caribbean to Africa, the center East, and Asia. It contains the literatures and histories of areas during which Europe merges into Asia, as within the situations of Turkey and Russia, and contains essays at the Jewish Diaspora and our present "clash of civilizations".Written via well-known students in postcolonial experiences, entries hide significant occasions, principles, events, and figures. issues variety from Europe's in another country exploration, payment, and colonization to decolonization and spotlight the relevance of colonial histories to the cultural, social, political, and literary formations of latest postcolonial societies and international locations. every one access presents a succinct account of an occasion or subject and indicates extra analyzing in literary works and histories.By outlining the old contexts of postcolonial literatures, this quantity is key to deciphering complicated debates on race, politics, economics, colonialism and neo-colonialism, and tradition and language.
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Additional resources for A Historical Companion to Postcolonial Literatures - Continental Europe and its Empires
Before the colonisation of Burundi and Rwanda by the Germans, Tutsis and Hutus, the two main communities, cohabited peacefully and were, as Colette Braeckman argues (1996), not fixed categories. The divide, as Braeckman contends, was more socio-economic than strictly ethnic. The Germans, and then the Belgians, however, after World War I, exacerbated the differences between the Hutus and the Tutsis in order to consolidate their domination. Under the Belgian mandate, ethnicity became the main prism through which the two groups were catalogued, fixed and controlled.
The Portuguese did not introduce the slave trade in the region but they dramatically accelerated its practice. The ravages of slavery were such that by the seventeenth century the kingdom was considerably weakened and progressively lost its regional significance. Although the dynasty was kept alive until 1914, the ancient Kongo was shared out between French, Portuguese and Belgian colonial powers after the Berlin Conference. Kongo nationalism, however, remained a force to be reckoned with, most notably in 1921 during the events surrounding the arrest, trial and imprisonment of Simon Kimbangu, the ‘modern Kongo prophet’ noted by Wyatt Mac Gaffey (1983), and in the period immediately before the decolonisation of the Belgian Congo, with the creation of ABAKO by Kasavubu.
The two books share a sense of the interconnectedness between postcolonial texts and their historical contexts. As with the first Companion, we have commissioned entries by a large number of scholars from around the world in order to convey a sense of the multiplicity of literatures and histories in whose creation continental Europe and its languages and literary traditions played a major role. In addressing issues that cross many regions, languages and time periods, we have drawn on the scholarship of several linguistic and academic cultures, thus hoping to enrich the anglophone awareness of global issues with insights derived from a range of modern scholarship that falls ordinarily outside the scope of anglophone readers.