Download A History of Indian Buddhism, From Śākyamuni to Early by Akira Hirakawa PDF

By Akira Hirakawa

The current quantity is a translation of the 1st of Hirakawa's two-volume background. It
covers the interval from Sakyamuni* Buddha to Early Mahayana* prior to Nagarjuna*
and contains the sessions on which Hirakawa did so much of his personal past learn. From
1960 to 1968, he released 3 very important reviews on Buddhist associations: Ritsuzo* no
kenkyu* (A learn of the Vinaya-pitaka*), Genshi Bukkyo* no kenkyu (A learn of Early
Buddhism), and Shoki Daijo* Bukkyo no kenkyu (Studies in Early Mahayana Buddhism).
These stories, all popping out of his curiosity within the vinaya, verified his mastery of
Indian Buddhist institutional historical past. This learn used to be rather vital in his
formulation of a brand new conception of the increase of Mahayana *. through concentrating on the necessity to identify
an institutional base from which Mahayana arose, Hirakawa argued that stupa* worship
and the formula of Mahayana units of precepts supplied very important facts for the
development of Mahayana Buddhism.

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Additional info for A History of Indian Buddhism, From Śākyamuni to Early Mahāyāna

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1 different co n ten d in g schtjols that could be clas­ sified into four basic groups: those w ho recognized k a rm a , those w ho d id not recognize k arm a, the skeptics, a n d the m oralists. In Buddhist texts, the n o n-B u dd hist schools o f th ought a re divided into three m a in groups: those w ho believe that e v ery th in g occurs t h ro u g h rhe will of god (P itsaraaimmSna-odila), those w h o m ain tain that ev ery event is p re d e te rm in e d by past k a r m a (P. pttbbekatafciu), a n d those who believe that ev eryth ing occurs by chance (P.

F o r ex am p le, acco rd in g to the J a i n a [ext the Istbhdjyatm , the forty-five sages (jfi) are “ all huddhas who wil] not re tu rn rn this w orld T h e J a in a s usually used the term " J i n a " (sp iritu al victor) to refer to th e ir de facto fo u n d e r M a h a v ira . C o nsequently, th eir religion is know n as J a in i s m . T h e term L3 also found in Buddhist ie x ts h espetifdly in those from the M a h a y a n a trad itio n A n o th e r te rm used by b o th J a in a s a n d B uddhists was "arhat" o r “arnbant" (w orthy).

A n e rro r by Fei changes the dale to 490 I he death o f the fauddha w ould thus have occu rred 975 years p rio r to 490 c:. in 485 h , c . , acco rdin g [o the d o tte d record / T h e a b o v e Theories were h ased p rim arily (in the Sri L a n k a n historical chronicles. c;,e. a n d m a in ta in e d th at rhe Sri L a n k a n c h ro tik le s slu>uEd be corrected to co n fo rm to evidence fo u n d in B rahm anica! , H ow ever, m a n y v a r ia n t theories arc found in the H in d u Ptirdnas a n d J a i n a texts.

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