By Bernard Lyman Ph.D. (auth.)
Writing this ebook has been a excitement, however it has additionally been complicated. It used to be a pride to work out that the evidence of foodstuff personal tastes, consuming, and nutrients habit conform in lots of how one can the overall ideas of psychology. Matching those, although, was once usually like placing jointly a jigsaw puz zle-looking at a truth and attempting to determine which mental theories or rules have been proper. This used to be made tougher via conflicting rules in psychology and contradictory findings in mental in addition to food-preference learn. the fabric stated isn't really intended to be exhaustive. unquestionably, i've been motivated by way of my very own study pursuits and issues of view. while conflicting information exist, I chosen those who looked as if it would me such a lot representa tive or suitable, and i've performed so with out continually stating opposite findings. this is applicable additionally to the dialogue of mental prin ciples. a lot mental learn is completed in very restrictive stipulations. consequently, it has restricted applicability past the confines of the context within which it used to be carried out. What holds real of novelty, complexity, and interest whilst two-dimensional line drawings are studied, for instance, would possibly not have a lot to do with novelty, complexity, and interest in rela tion to meals, which range in lots of methods equivalent to form, colour, style, texture, and scent. however, i've got attempted to signify relationships among psy chological ideas and nutrition preferences.
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Extra info for A Psychology of Food: More Than a Matter of Taste
Verbal statements, even from older children, can be ambiguous. "It doesn't taste good" could be a literal statement or it could simply mean the child doesn't like the food. The psychological evidence regarding novelty is conflicting. On the one hand, new or novel stimuli seem to evoke tension, fear, or apprehension. Fear of the unknown is well documented, whether it involves a simple stimulus or something more complex such as speaking before a group of strangers or starting a new job. Some psychologists have suggested that a child's fear of the dark comes about after the child has learned that the world is full of identifiable objects and people.
Individuals reported they wanted these to help reduce frustration or alleviate boredom. Apples were chosen during frustration because individuals wanted something they could bite into, and one person said she wanted an orange so she could rip off the skin. In boredom, variety was sought in foods, with the largest percent of "snack" responses occurring then (table 4-1). Soups, which carry an aura of hearth-and-home, were preferred most often when individuals were lonely or sad. In love, full meals with wine were used to prolong the experience, and the meals were likely to include gourmet dishes and lighter foods to fit the mood.
This is not uncommon among lower animals, who will stop eating one food but will start eating another if it is presented. Humans seem to behave the same way. Some lower animals even start eating the same food again if the remainder is taken away after they have stopped eating and it is then presented again. Sensory-specific satiety: The decrease in the desire for a specific food after eating it is known as sensory-specific satiety because it is most common for foods with the same sensory characteristics.