Download A Review of the Ocean Research Priorities Plan and by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life PDF

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Ocean Studies Board, Committee to Review the Joint Subcommittee on Ocean Science and Technology's Research Priorities Plan

Ocean study deals numerous advantages, from bettering fisheries administration to researching new medicines to allowing early detection of tsunamis and hurricanes. on the request of the Joint Subcommittee on Ocean technological know-how and expertise (JSOST), the nationwide study Council convened a committee to check the draft and ultimate types of the sea examine Priorities Plan and Implementation process defined in "Charting the direction for Ocean technology within the usa: study Priorities for the subsequent Decade", which represents the 1st coordinated nationwide ocean learn making plans attempt concerning all federal firms that aid ocean science.The plan provides an bold imaginative and prescient for ocean learn that may be of serious gain to the sea sciences group and the country. This booklet comprises either units of findings (i.e., the committee's evaluation of the JSOST's draft plan ["A evaluate of the Draft Ocean learn Priorities Plan: Charting the path for Ocean technology within the United States"] and the evaluation of the ultimate plan). This publication recommends that JSOST hire numerous outreach mechanisms to proceed to interact nonfederal companions in ocean examine making plans efforts, similar to setting up exterior committees to supply clinical and technical recommendation and to study growth on implementation of the learn plan.

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Sample text

The confusion stems from differences in how the plan discusses these resources as illustrated in the statements, “the ocean preserves a record of the past in the form of drowned cultural sites,” (JSOST, 2006b, p. 21, lines 29-31). , fishing communities) but the former references only archaeological sites such as shipwrecks. The committee recommends clarifying the definition along with highlighting the research priorities that relate to these resources. As it stands, the title of this theme implies that natural and cultural resources are of equal importance in terms of research priorities, yet none of the proposed priorities deal directly with cultural resources.

41 42 REVIEW OF THE OCEAN RESEARCH PRIORITIES PLAN TABLE 4-1 Priorities Identified by the JSOSTa 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Understand the status and trends of resource abundance and distribution through more accurate, timely and synoptic assessments Understand interspecies and habitat-species relationships as a basis for forecasting resource stability and sustainability Understand human use patterns that may influence resource stability and sustainability Apply advanced technologies to enhance the benefits of various natural resources from the open ocean, coasts, and Great Lakes Understand the initiation and evolution of hazard events and apply that understanding to improve forecasts of future hazard events Understand the response of coastal and marine systems to natural hazards and apply that understanding to assessments of future vulnerability to natural hazards Apply understanding to develop multihazard risk assessments and to support development of model, policies, and strategies for hazard mitigation Understand the interactions between marine operations and the environment Apply understanding of environmental factors to characterize and predict conditions in the maritime domain Apply understanding of human behavior to develop the information and tools necessary to carry out effective, safe, and secure marine operations Apply understanding of marine operations to enhance the marine transportation system Understand ocean-climate interactions across regions Understand the impact of climate variability and change on the ocean, including its biogeochemistry and ecosystems Apply understanding of the ocean to help project future climate changes and their impacts Understand and predict the impact of natural and anthropogenic processes that govern the overall level of ecosystem productivity Apply understanding of ocean-related socioeconomic activities to assess the ability of marine ecosystems to provide essential goods and services EVALUATING THEMATIC PRIORITIES 43 TABLE 4-1 Continued 17 Apply understanding of marine ecosystems to develop appropriate indicators and metrics for their sustainable and effective management 18 Understand, forecast, and reduce ocean-related risks to human health from pathogens, biotoxins, and chemical contaminants 19 Understand human health risks associated with the ocean and the potential benefits of ocean resources to human health 20 Understand how human use and valuation of ocean resources can be affected by ocean-borne human health threats and how human activities can influence these threats 21 Apply understanding of ocean ecosystems and biodiversity to develop products and biological models to enhance human well being a The priorities are numbered here in the order that they are presented in the ORPP only to simplify referencing in the text.

A graphic that helps the reader to visualize the connections between thematic areas would also be useful. EVALUATING THEMATIC PRIORITIES 47 RECOMMENDATION: Linkages among the themes should be clearly and consistently delineated in the supporting text for the research priorities. This could be accomplished through a simple statement that a given research priority will also forward the goals of other (specified) themes. This recommendation is echoed in the following discussion of and recommendations for specific thematic areas.

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