By Steen Folke, Henrik Nielsen (eds.)
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Extra resources for Aid Impact and Poverty Reduction
Cracknell, Basil Edward (2000) Evaluating Development Aid: Issues, Problems and Solutions, New Delhi: Sage Publications. Danida (2000) Partnership 2000 (Strategy for Development Cooperation). Copenhagen: Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Danida (2003) A World of Difference: The Government’s Vision for New Priorities in Danish Development Assistance 2004–2008, Copenhagen: Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Gould, Jeremy (2004) “Positionality and Scale. Methodological Issues in the Ethnography of aid,” in Ethnographies of aid—Exploring Development Texts and Encounters.
These are questions which cannot be answered with a simple yes or no. Finally, in their chapters, Sharma, Nielsen and Adam take a more constructivist, actor-oriented approach, analyzing the meaning that the development intervention gives to the different groups of actors involved. Sudhindra Sharma deals with the implementation of a Finnida financed water development scheme in Nepal. For the donor and for Nepalese authorities the purpose is to ensure adequate water supply and sanitation coverage and service levels.
The BWI and indeed the local authors of the PRSPs are yet to explain how reforms designed to promote import RETHINKING AID STRATEGIES 37 liberalization and privatization contribute to poverty reduction. Thus, the BWI still stand by their old argument that SAR will reduce poverty through stimulating growth. However, the historical reality has been that the SAR process, with a few exceptions, neither generated growth nor alleviated poverty in most reforming DCs (Rodrik, 1999). The BWI persistence with a far from successful reform strategy, which has inexplicably not been challenged by most bilateral donors, including the like minded countries, has stifled creative rethinking on strategies for poverty eradication and compromised DC ownership over the PRSP process.