By Eileen Stillwaggon
AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty combines the insights of economics and biology to give an explanation for the unfold of HIV/AIDS and carry a telling critique of AIDS coverage. Drawing on a wealth of medical facts, Stillwaggon demonstrates that HIV/AIDS can't be stopped with no figuring out the ecology of poverty. Her message is confident, with pragmatic suggestions to the illnesses that advertise the unfold of HIV/AIDS.
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Extra info for AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty
Below are a few examples of assertions published by a multilateral organization and two academic publishers that sexual behavior is the key determinant of rates of HIV in different populations. These overt statements, together with less-explicit versions, are examples of the behavioral paradigm. It is a paradigm, in Kuhn’s (1970) sense, because it determines what questions can be asked and what solutions can be sought regarding HIV/AIDS. HIV transmission has been much faster in societies where there are high levels of unprotected sexual interaction with prostitutes, who have very many sexual partners, than in societies where the majority of people have few or moderate numbers of partners in their lifetime.
Darroch. 1999. “Trends in Sexual Activity among Adolescent American Women: 1982–1995,” Family Planning Perspectives 31(5):212–219. S. women, aged 15 to 19: “In each of the surveys, about 40% of all 15–19-year-olds [female] had had sexual intercourse in the last [previous] three months” (Singh and Darroch, 1999, 212). Olga A. Grinstead, Bonnie Faigeles, Diane Binson, and Rani Eversley. 1993. “Sexual Risk for Human Immunodeﬁciency Virus Infection among Women in High-Risk Cities,” Family Planning Perspectives 25(6):252–256, 277.
In France, the average number of sexual partners reported by men was 11, and by women, three. In urban areas, 18 percent of men and 10 percent of women had two or more sexual partners in the previous year. Of those, the percentage whose multiple partnerships were concurrent increased with age group. 3. 3 Britons reporting 10 or more lifetime sexual partners (by age group and gender) Age 24 25–34 35–44 Ͼ45 Male (%) Female (%) 16 31 29 21 5 10 9 4 Source: Derived from Turner, 1993. 25 26 AIDS AND THE ECOLOGY OF POVERTY Poland Zbigniew Izdebski.