By B. J. C. McKercher
This assortment examines the complicated fight for supremacy carried out among the U.S. and Britain within the decade following global battle I. the purpose is to throw gentle on a very important interval within the heritage of British and American overseas coverage and on 20th-century overseas affairs.
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Extra resources for Anglo-American Relations in the 1920s: The Struggle for Supremacy
36 Using a memorandum prepared by Philip Kerr, Lloyd George outlined his opposition to just those features which were fundamental to all Wilsonian designs - the territorial guarantee and the obligations to participate in collective resistance to aggression. 37 If the League was to succeed, Lloyd George contended, 'it will not be because the nations enter into solemn covenants to guarantee one another's territories or to go to war with rebellious powers on certain stated conditions, but because it constitutes the machinery by which the nations of the world can remain in continual consultation with one another and through which they can arrive promptly at great decisions for dealing with all international problems as they arise'.
In America, similar ideals were embraced by the League to Enforce Peace, whose leaders kept in close touch with British and European colleagues. It would not be until 1917, the third year of the war, that the scale of suffering, death, and privation would have generated the necessary socio-political conditions for the translation of the liberal war-aims programme into a liberal internationalist ideology. The seminal events of 1917 - costly military failures, the loss of Russia to revolution, the politicisation of the Left and labour in Allied countries, the American entry into the war as an 'Associated Power' - all served to transform the nature of the war into an ideologically-charged struggle in what was now a revolutionary era.
Lloyd George's last comment reflected a recurring premonition of British leaders, that Wilson would not be able to carry his programme in face of the Senate opposition now being organised by Lodge. 38 Cecil, however, proved deaf to the advice proffered by the Prime Minister, unwisely dismissing the encounter as part of a French plot to postpon~ the league question until after the treaty had been signed. 39 Cecil, therefore, proceeded in his negotiations with the Americans along the lines already set in preparing the AngloAmerican draft of the League's Covenant which served to guide the work of the League of Nations Commission.