Download Arms Races in International Politics: From the Nineteenth to by Thomas Mahnken, Joseph Maiolo, David Stevenson PDF

By Thomas Mahnken, Joseph Maiolo, David Stevenson

This quantity offers the 1st accomplished historical past of the fingers racing phenomenon in sleek overseas politics, drawing either on theoretical methods and at the most modern historic examine. Written through a world workforce of experts, it really is divided into 4 sections: sooner than 1914; the inter-war years; the chilly conflict; and extra-European and post-Cold warfare hands races. Twelve case reports learn land and naval armaments ahead of the 1st global warfare; air, land, and naval pageant through the Nineteen Twenties and Thirties; and nuclear in addition to traditional guns given that 1945. Armaments rules are positioned in the context of technological improvement, overseas politics and international relations, and social politics and economics. a longer common advent and end and introductions to every part supply coherence among the really good chapters and draw out wider implications for policymakers and for political scientists. Arms Races in overseas Politics addresses key questions: what factors palms races and what's the relationship among palms races and the outbreak of wars?

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Extra info for Arms Races in International Politics: From the Nineteenth to the Twenty-First Century

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6 Peter Padfield, The Great Naval Race: The Anglo-German Naval Rivalry, 1900–1914 (New York, 1974). 7 Paul M. Kennedy, ‘Strategic Aspects of the Anglo-German Naval Race’, in P. M. , Strategy and Diplomacy 1870–1945: Eight Studies (London, 1983), 129–60. See also, Rolf Hobson, Imperialism at Sea: Naval Strategic Thought, the Ideology of Sea Power and the Tirpitz Plan, 1875–1914 (Leiden, 2002). The Anglo-German Naval Race, 1898–1914 23 Consequently, as has long been recognized, Tirpitz’s naval expansion programme offers a masterclass in how not to devise, launch, or manage an armaments race.

26 Matthew S. Seligmann Admiralty, was busily preparing a set of vote-pleasing measures designed to trim back the size of Britain’s burgeoning naval estimates and so release funds back to the Treasury for social programmes. 16 Churchill was, therefore, caught entirely unprepared when the details of the new German Novelle, a series of proposed amendments to the country’s naval law, came into his hands in early February. The bombshell these contained was not the small increase in the number of battleships that it was proposed to add to the German construction schedule, an alteration that was both minor in extent and had, in any case, long been anticipated; rather it was the intention to improve the fighting power of the fleet through a dramatic addition in long-service naval personnel—15,000 extra officers and men—and a consequent enhancement of the number of ships kept in permanent active service.

However, much to the Admiralty’s relief, the German challenge in war preparedness did not prove nearly as testing as had been feared. As events were to show, it was one thing to plan an increase in naval personnel, but it was quite another to bring this into effect, especially if the desired additional manpower was in specialist areas like petty officers, engineers, or higher technical ratings. 19 The British were well aware of this. 20 The result, as Churchill gleefully recorded, was to derail German efforts at increased readiness.

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