By Dirk Berg-Schlosser, Jeremy Mitchell
Authoritarianism and Democracy in Europe, 1919-39 bargains a finished research of the survival or breakdown of democracy in interwar Europe. The members discover elements comparable to the ancient, social-structural and political-cultural backgrounds of the guidelines that eu nations tried to enforce to counter the area monetary predicament of 1929. The research serves as a tremendous backdrop for the evaluate of present democratic advancements in former communist Europe and highlights the various difficulties and dangers all for the transition strategy.
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Extra resources for Authoritarianism and Democracy in Europe, 1919-39: Comparative Analyses
Thompson to the growing intensity of the former (there was a parallel to this phenomenon in Romania, Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia, where land reform also added to the sense of alienation of minority landlords who felt unfairly targeted). The constant irritation of the ‘national question’ and conflicts over social reform which hampered political compromise combined with an economic crisis that further undermined governmental legitimacy, paving the way in 1926 for Pilsudski’s coup that ended Poland’s interwar democratic experiment (Kitchen 1988: 108–9).
Because ‘nation-building’ ethnic groups in interwar Eastern Europe insisted upon majoritarian rule, parties of ethnic minorities – which tended to form along national lines and were not based primarily on socio-economic interests – often found themselves permanently excluded from government coalitions. Since a centralized state form was chosen, minorities found little political space for their local political concerns as well as the cultivation of their linguistic, religious, and other traditions.
They were, from a nationalist perspective, either ‘too large’, that is multinational, or ‘too small’, such as rump states. Thus, nation-building – the attempt to make national loyalties and state boundaries correspond – ran into the awkward problem of ethnic minorities. Either minorities within the state stood in the way of a national ‘homogeneity’ or they lived outside the boundaries of the ‘mother state’ with which they shared a common nationality. (Obviously, these two kinds of minorities often overlapped, that is, an ethnic minority in a multinational state that was of the same nationality as the dominant group in an adjoining country).