By C. A. Benzo (auth.), P. D. Sturkie Ph.D. (eds.)
Since the booklet of previous variants, there was the hot variation has a few new individuals, a substantial bring up in examine job ina quantity who've written at the frightened approach, feel organs, of parts, with each one succeeding variation together with new muscle, endocrines, copy, digestion and immu chapters and a variety of information in older chap nophysiology. members from prior variants ters. have extended their choices significantly. The fourth variation includes new chapters, at the authors are indebted to varied investigators, muscle and immunophysiology, the latter a space journals and books for the numerous illustrations used. Indi the place learn on Aves has contributed considerably vidual acknowledgement is made within the legends and to our basic wisdom of the topic. references. Preface to the 'Third version because the ebook of the 1st and moment versions, pathways of birds and mammals. New participants in there was a substantial elevate of study activ clude M. R. Fedde and T. B. Bolton, who've com ity in avian body structure in a couple of parts, together with pletely revised and accelerated the chapters on respira endocrinology and copy, middle and movement, tion and the worried approach, respectively, and J. G. respiratory, temperature law, and to a lesser ex Rogers, Jr. , W. J. Mueller, H. Opel, and D. e. Meyer, who've made contributions to Chapters 2,16, 17, tent in another components. There seemed in 1972-1974 a 4 quantity treatise and 19, respectively.
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Hypotheses, 10,69. D. B. Stearns. (1975). ]. Exp. , 193, 161. B. Butler. (1981). ]. , 203, 379. G. P. Zeigler. (1982). Afferents to the trigeminal and facial motor nuclei in the pigeon (Columba livia): Central connections of jaw motoneurons. ]. , 209, 301. B. (1971a). The structure of the nervous system. ). M. ). New York: Academic Press, p. 641. B. (1971b). The physiology of the nervous system. In "Physiology and Biochemistry of the Domestic Fowl" (DJ. M. ). New York: Academic Press, p. 675. B.
Apparently, the production of song in canaries is dominated by leftsided brain structures, as is language in humans. Neural areas concerned with the control of vocalization are much less developed in the female bird (see DeVoogd and Nottenbohm, 1981; Gurney, 1982; Goldman and Nottenbohm, 1983). If, however, the female is given testosterone, the relevant brain structures develop more fully, and the female bird acquires song production (Nottenbohm, 1980b). J 200I'V 1 sec Electroencephalographic Studies FIGURE 1-24.
Such activity persists up to 1 month of age, when stage 1 and stage 2 sleep can be distinguished (Ookawa and Takagi, 1968). , 1981) have been documented. Sugihara and Gotoh ( 1973) recorded and compared the EEG activities from different forebrain areas and the optic tectum in the fowl during states of arousal, slow-wave sleep, and paradoxical sleep. They found that no regular slow waves, such as those which are seen in the hippocampus of the mammal during arousal and paradoxical sleep, could be observed in the hippocampus of chickens, nor did high-voltage fast waves appear in the archistriatum during arousal.