By H. Gilomee
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Extra resources for Awkward Embrace: One-party Domination and Democracy in Industrialising Countries
The government abandoned any pretence of being neutral by massively intervening on behalf of Malays. It imposed preferential policies in university admission and employment in the civil service and the financial and manufacturing sectors. 71–72. 227. 29 Joel Netshitenzhe, City Press, 1 June 1997, editorial page. 22 DOMINANT PARTY REGIMES OF SOUTH AFRICA, MEXICO, TAIWAN AND MALAYSIA to use Malay distributors for a minimum of 30 per cent of turnover, and to train Malay employees in sufficient numbers for their companies to reflect the population composition up to the managerial level.
By its nature the PR system (and least of all the closed list system used in South Africa) provides only limited incentive for racial moderation. 21 Only once this has been done does it try to aggregate its votes by appealing to other groups in society. This is achieved by the expedient of putting up multi-ethnic candidate lists and articulating an ideology of inclusiveness that is usually not much more than vaguely reassuring. But the multi-ethnic lists may only create a dangerous illusion of representation, one that obfuscates a discussion of the real issues.
48–50. 26 DOMINANT PARTY REGIMES OF SOUTH AFRICA, MEXICO, TAIWAN AND MALAYSIA became widespread. There was none of the victim mentality or comprehensive demands for redress prevalent in Malaysia at an earlier stage or in present-day South Africa. The state was tough but not unresponsive to grass roots demands. And as we have seen, its success in narrowing income disparities was almost unparalleled in the world. CORPORATISM AND OPPOSITION POLITICS South Africa, Mexico and Taiwan are all cases of societies in which a dominant party with a nationalist or populist inclination tries to impose a developmental revolution.