By William F. Herrnkind (auth.), Howard E. Winn, Bori L. Olla (eds.)
What were introduced jointly in those volumes are works characterize ing a number of smooth quantitative experiences on a decide upon crew of marine organisms. the various species studied the following signify uncomplicated organic ex perimental subjects-in a few instances, marine models of the white rat and pigeon-that are getting used for quite a lot of reviews. different species studied have been nearly unknown as experimental animals. The authors have studied their animals in huge intensity, frequently in either the sector and the laboratory. it's this move reference among actual existence and the synthetic yet managed stipulations of the laboratory which provides us the mandatory knowing, and eventually the potential, for bettering our speedily deteriorating atmosphere, a needs to for man's survival, upkeep, and development of the standard of residing criteria. an instantaneous outgrowth of a AAAS symposium entitled "Recent Advances within the habit of Marine Organisms" held in December 1966, those vol umes contain an affordable stability among assessment and unique unpublished study. Of the various individuals who've made those volumes attainable, we want to particularly thank Nancy Fish, Lois Winn, Mabel Trafford, and Deborah Brennan. The latter entire many of the ultimate editorial paintings. The team of workers of Plenum Press have been cooperative in all points of our rela tionship. purely the 2 editors are accountable for defects within the volumes. We think the papers provided are major and may be of significance to contributors of the medical community.
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Additional info for Behavior of Marine Animals: Current Perspectives in Research Volume 1: Invertebrates
1 Z w u a: w Q. o IflCf o· 270' SECTOR 9(/ IBO' MIDPOINTS Fig. 9. Photopositive orientation shown by crabs, about 2 months old, immersed in seawater to their carapaces. The test chamber is a 30 cm diameter chamber, the translucent white wall of which is lighted on one side by a microscope illuminator (strip above graph). Scattered distributions, such as those in Fig. 6, occur if the light, but not the infrared (heat) from the illuminator, is blocked by an opaque screen. 36 g; f- 20 ~:4:T u W '"ex w "f- Z w u w "- 10 ex w 27Cf' SECTOR N 0' E 9Cf' 5 180' MIDPOINTS Fig.
OS d' 90" ISO" ru w (/) 20 a: w "- b rz w u c= 6 n=336 a: u ~ w (/) 10 a: w "r- IO z w u a: ""- 180" ISd' 270" SECTOR 0" 9d' 270" 0" SECTOR MIDPOINTS 9d' 18('" ISd' MIDPOINTS Fig. 13. Distributions of young laboratory-reared sand fiddlers under overhead, linearly polarized light. (a) Combined distribution from tests of crabs less than 2 months old, reared in simulated habitats with the plane of polarization parallel or perpendicular to the shoreline. (b) Distribution of crabs 2-5 months old reared in pans without a shoreline.
Pronounced, but variable, directional tendencies occurred among slightly older, wild individuals, but again no distinct bearing appeared in the combined data (Fig. 8c). Generally, the broad scatter reflected both large differences in preferred bearings of individuals (Fig. 8d) and more often the absence of any directional preference in others. These latter individuals moved about the chamber in the same manner as apparently unoriented control crabs. Furthermore, the young crabs showed little or no tendency to group as do adults.