By Jane L. Collins, Victoria Mayer
Either fingers Tied experiences the operating terrible within the usa, focusing specifically at the relation among welfare and low-wage gains between operating moms. Grounded within the event of thirty-three ladies residing in Milwaukee and Racine, Wisconsin, it tells the tale in their fight to stability baby care and wage-earning in poorly paying and infrequently state-funded jobs with rigid schedules—and the moments whilst those jobs failed them and so they grew to become to the country for added relief. Jane L. Collins and Victoria Mayer the following learn the events of those ladies in gentle of the 1996 nationwide own accountability and paintings chance Reconciliation Act and different like-minded reforms—laws that ended the entitlement to welfare for these in desire and supplied an incentive for them to come back to paintings. Arguing that this reform got here at a time of gendered switch within the exertions strength and profound shifts within the tasks of kin, organizations, and the nation, either fingers Tied presents a stark yet poignant portrait of the way welfare reform troubled terrible, single-parent households, eventually eroding the members’ fiscal rights and affecting their skill to take care of themselves and their youngsters.
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Extra info for Both Hands Tied: Welfare Reform and the Race to the Bottom in the Low-Wage Labor Market
Rather, it reveals what workfare looks like in its starkest form, and it is important because it serves, and has served, as a model for reforms across the nation. In some respects, the labor market in southeastern Wisconsin resembles that in other deindustrialized regions struggling with problems ofâ†œ economic transition. The area lost many good manufacturing jobs in the 1970s and 1980s. Many service jobs have since emerged, but few o∏er comparable wages and benefits, and most are in the suburbs surrounding Milwaukee and Racine, not the urban core.
For example, in packinghouses most blacks worked as muckers and slaughterers. They labored in hip boots in the lime pits in tanneries and fed the blast furnaces in the rolling mills that made rails for locomotives. Partly due to lack ofâ†œseniority, partly to discrimination by employers, and partly to the hostility ofâ†œ American Federation ofâ†œ Labor unions, which denied them membership, they clustered in the hardest, dirtiest jobs. Trotter quotes one worker as saying blacks “only did the dirty work .
One by one, these long-established industries began to lay o∏â†œworkers and shut their doors. No longer could workers expect a lifelong career in manufacturing at union wages, with pensions, health benefits, and vacation. Any job at all became the goal, particularly since new information sector jobs paying comparable wages required far more education and specialized training. The Wall Street Journal told the story ofâ†œ Ron Larson—Wayne Hall’s stepson—to illustrate the new situation in which southeastern Wisconsin workers found themselves.