By Sophie Royer
Il y a 2500 ans, en Inde, après des années de quête spirituelle, Siddharta Gautama accède enfin à l'ultime vérité. Devenu le Bouddha - littéralement l'Eveillé -, il va dès lors enseigner à ses contemporains los angeles voie qui permet d'échapper à los angeles souffrance. Après sa mort, los angeles doctrine du sage proceed à se propager à travers l'Inde, avant de gagner toute l'Asie. Au XIXe siècle, les Occidentaux découvrent le bouddhisme. A leur travel, ils ne tardent pas à être touchés par l'humanisme de son message. Première faith de l'histoire de l'humanité à vocation universelle, le bouddhisme n'a rien perdu de son éclat. Mais que sait-on vraiment de l'identité de son fondateur ? En étudiant le contexte politique et spirituel de l'Inde ancienne, en croisant les récits légendaires rapportés par les disciples du maître avec le fruit des recherches scientifiques, cette biographie appréhende los angeles determine du Bouddha historique, sa vie et sa pensée.
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Additional resources for Bouddha
As political careers at court became exceedingly elusive due to the growing numbers of the Fujiwara clan, some saw the monastic profession as the next surest way to wealth and power, regardless of their religious motivation. In addition, the activities at many monastic centers revolved around magico-religious rites and prayers (kaji-kitß) of esoteric Buddhism that were designed for the protection of the nation and the welfare of the court aristocracy. , aristocratization) of Buddhism, with no distinction between Buddha-law (buppß) and secular law (ßbß), was firmly established when Dßgen entered Mt.
Deeply moved by Dßgen’s determination and motivation, Ryßkan recommended that he study at the Senkßbß at Yokawa-Hannyadani on Mt. Hiei, one of the most renowned centers of Buddhist studies at that time. Upon hearing the news of Dßgen’s decision to become a monastic, Moroie was greatly disappointed. To Dßgen there was no conflict between his decision and his filial piety to Moroie. As he saw it, to study Buddhism was to fulfill his duty to Moroie. ”31 In a more revealing statement indicative of his unique style of Zen, Dßgen wrote: Even the Buddhas and ancestors are not without tender feelings and affections (on’ai) but they have thrown them away.
26 Unlike his father’s death, which took place when he was only two, his mother’s death must have been a serious blow to Dßgen’s fragile and sensitive mind. 27 This experience left an indelible impression upon Dßgen, which no doubt determined the direction of his subsequent spiritual journey. 28 To Dßgen, the lucid understanding of life and the thorough penetration of death (ryßshß-tasshi), that is a total understanding of the meaning (dßri) of impermanence and death, were the alpha and omega of religion.