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By Bradley K. Hawkins

Buddhism is a concise and readable survey of the background of Buddhism from its roots in India to its unfold throughout South and East Asia and its modern-day manifestation in Europe and the USA. Focusing relatively at the glossy interval, it offers a important advent to different paths of Buddhism—the ideals and practices—and seems to be on the ways that this faith is assembly the demanding situations of the trendy international. Written in an obtainable and informative sort, and assuming very little earlier wisdom at the a part of the reader, this ebook offers a uncomplicated creation to the faith—its historical past, ideals, and practices. presents important pedagogy, together with: timeline; maps; thesaurus; checklist of sacred days/festivals; urged studying; pronunciation consultant; index; function packing containers concentrating on a few facets of the humanities; eleven black and white photos and artistic endeavors. Readers attracted to studying extra concerning the world's religions.

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Extra resources for Buddhism (Religions of the World)

Sample text

Credited with subduing the dangerous and violent gods of the mountains, he is also said to have been responsible for the building of the Jokhang, the first Buddhist temple, in Lhasa during the reign of Songtsen Gampo. The arrival of Buddhism is more clearly evident in the accounts of the mission of Shantarakshita. Invited to Tibet by the second of the Great Religious Kings, Trisong Detsen (c. ), this Indian Tantric master built the Samyé, the other great early temple of Buddhism in Tibet. E. that the direction of Tibetan Buddhism was decided for all time.

But other philosophies such as NeoConfucianism began to thrive in opposition to Buddhism, and to receive state support. This, in addition to frequent foreign invasions and natural catastrophes, led to a decline in Buddhism’s prestige until the present century. Similar developments took place in Japan. Originally frowned upon by the Japanese as an unnecessary foreign import, Buddhism rapidly became an established organ of the Japanese state. The emperor and his court were not at first interested in 58 ö Buddhism the finer points of Buddhist doctrine, rather they held the somewhat superstitious viewpoint that Buddhist rituals provided their land with better protection from natural disasters and evil spirits than did their own Shinto deities.

Nothing in the material world is permanent. Things may give the impression of being permanent, but that is only an illusion. Given enough time, everything, mountains, seas, the heavens, and especially human beings, will change and eventually cease to be—they are impermanent. The second mark of existence, unsatisfactoriness (duhkha, literally “suffering”) arose from this impermanence. All things which were not permanent were, in the Buddha’s way of thinking, unsatisfactory. To place one’s trust in any material thing was pointless and doomed to failure.

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