By Francie Lund
Outlining the transformation of the discriminatory welfare approach lower than apartheid, this South African examine explains the extra innovative and developmental social welfare procedure that has emerged within the postapartheid period. It offers a huge assessment of the context of coverage reform on the time of South Africa's transition to democracy, identifies the styles of poverty and inequality that the 1st democratically elected govt of South Africa needed to tackle, and delves into the welfare quarter, targeting the circulate in the direction of developmental social welfare and the enduring societal advantages of utilizing social defense funds for kids in the course of the 1998 baby help provide.
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Additional info for Changing Social Policy: The Child Support Grant in South Africa
The need for NGOs and CBOs in poorer areas is greatest, but it is very difficult to build large and sustainable organisations with continuity of leadership (especially indigenous leadership) in these areas. My own study of the racially separate welfare administrations had found that there was not one government-subsidised private rural welfare organisation in the ten bantustan areas (Lund 1992a). Another issue which the Committee kept in mind was the importance of institutional capacity for delivery.
The existing SMG recipients were largely poor, but large numbers of even poorer eligible women and children, predominantly African, were effectively excluded from access. za 60 Total* Indian White African Coloured 50 40 30 20 10 0 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 Source: RSA (1996: 11), based on figures supplied by Servaas van der Berg Note: * The average rate for the whole population, all races included. As early as 1987, the future fiscal problem presented by the SMG had been foreseen (Simkins & Dlamini 1992).
It had taken the political settlement to allow open conversations, in the public at large and in a committee such as this, about deeply disturbing patterns such as the extent of early pregnancy, the high rates of physical and sexual abuse of women and children, including very young children, the lack of paternal financial responsibility for children, the high rates of care of children by older female relatives, and the alarming rapidity of the spread of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Within the Committee there was a fairly sophisticated gendered analysis of economic and social policies.