By Hong Xiao
Hong Xiao examines the linkage among social constitution and child-rearing values within the usa and China. Her basic targets are to check the underlying constitution of childrearing values, observe the dynamics of the structural-level, family-level, and individual-level determinants of childrearing values, and to match styles of worth orientations within the countries.
Three worth dimensions--autonomy, conformity, and a care orientation--are pointed out in either the us and China samples through issue analyses. in addition, regardless of cross-national ameliorations in political process, financial improvement, and tradition historical past, Professor Xiao unearths american citizens and chinese language are rather comparable of their contemplating the types of items to educate little ones at domestic. one of the best six characteristics recommended inside every one nation, 5 are exact. even though, assets of worth adaptations are enormously assorted within the international locations. for instance, within the usa, whereas the effect of sophistication on men's values for kids has develop into muted extra time, category modifications in values live on between ladies. And neither gender nor motherhood is said to the care orientation. In China, valuation of kid's autonomy or conformity is conditioned seriously by way of political conformity, age, and relatives dimension. Of specific curiosity to students, scholars, and different researchers concerned with gender and family members reports, sociology, and Asian Studies.
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Extra info for Childrearing Values in the United States and China: A Comparison of Belief Systems and Social Structure
Collectivism is a preference for a tightly knit social framework in which individuals can expect their relatives, clan, or other in-group members to look after them in exchange for unquestioning loyalty. From a psychological perspective, Triandis (1995) suggested a similar distinction between collectivism and individualism. In collective cultures, individuals are willing to subordinate their personal goals to the goals of various in-groups, such as the family, the tribe, or the work group. By contrast, in individualistic cultures, it is considered acceptable for individuals to place personal goals ahead of the group's goals.
Other investigations show that gender differences are generally inconsistent and conditional on people's specific life circumstance (Hyde and Plant 1995; Prince-Gibson and Schwartz 1998). Whether women and men consistently differ in value orientations certainly needs further investigation. This study continues the exploration of the topic and investigates gender differences in childrearing values. Some recent feminist theorists have shifted the focus from sex and gender per se to the particular experiences of women and men, especially the experiences of parenting and mothering.
Since the turn of the century, the influence of Confucianism, patriarchy, and traditional culture in urban China has been declining. This is due partly to the impact of several campaigns attacking Confucian doctrines and partly to social and economic transformation (Cheng 1987; Smith 1991). Since the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949, certain aspects and rituals in Confucianism have been further rejected in China. The communist government denounced Confucianism for providing the ethical rationale for a system of feudalism and patriarchy.