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The BOT scheme provided for an alternative route, by creating an open, transparent auction for the right to invest. The concession holder who emerges from a BOT auction has the right to construct a plant and run it for a specified number of years whilst receiving revenue for selling power under contract. When the concession expires, plant ownership goes to the state. The first BOT concession was awarded to Électricité de France (EDF). 5 billion in foreign funds. Further projects are under discussion and an increasing range of foreign players are involved, though Hong Kong and other Asian investors continue to dominate.

Chinese authorities recognise all of these weaknesses and have, therefore, included further investment in the grid as a key component of future plans for the power sector (Box 3). Figure 5 Major interconnections between China’s regional grids, 2004 THE STARTING POINT - 43 Source: Based on Ye et al. ) (2005). 44 - THE STARTING POINT Box 3 Plans for grid strengthening and development China’s central objectives for increasing generation capacity are closely linked to regions and resources. Plans for generation focus on developing coal resources and adjacent power generation facilities in the west and hydropower in the southwest.

The price would be based on the age, efficiency, fuel, location and type of power generated (peak or off-peak). Substantial differentials persisted. 24 yuan/kWh). 41 yuan/kWh). This “new price for new power” scheme was successful in encouraging investment, and during the 1990s the numbers of parties investing in power generation multiplied, as did the numbers of plants. The system, however, provided no incentive for investors to reduce their costs or to seek more favourable financing terms. e. per kWh produced.

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