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By William Marslen-Wilson, Lorraine Komisarjevsky Tyler, John R. Anderson, L. Jonathan Cohen & Michael Studdert-Kennedy

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Extra resources for Cognition Vol. 8, No. 1

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Reaction-times differ at the beginning of a sentence, and continue to diverge throughout the rest of the sentence (see Figure 3). Comparing Syntactic Prose and Random Word-Order, the intercepts are the same in Identical and Rhyme monitoring, but the scores diverge throughout the rest of the sentence (Figure 3). There is little to be said about Category Monitoring performance in Syntactic Prose and Random Word-Order - reactiontimes differ unsystematically by different amounts at various points in the sentence.

In addition, there is a significant increase in the steepness of the slopes in Normal Prose but no significant change in Syntactic Prose, in both monitoring tasks. This is consistent with the hypothesis that in Normal Prose, in Experiment 2, both syntactic and semantic constraints are now developing in strength across the sentence, whereas in Syntactic Prose only syntactic constraints can develop, and the rate at which this occurs is unaffected by the presence or absence of a leadin sentence. 52 WilliamMarslen-Wilsonand Lorraine Komisarjevsky Tyler The specifically semantic nature of the effects of removing the lead-in sentence is demonstrated by the second major aspect of the results - the differential effects on Category monitoring performance.

In particular, we need to show directly that the advantage of Normal Prose early in the sentence is indeed due to carry-over effects from the lead-in sentence. This can be done by running the same stimuli on the same tasks, but without the first sentence. If our interpretation of the results has been correct, then removing the lead-in sentence should have the following effects. First, any change in the pattern of responses should primarily affect Normal Prose. In neither Syntactic Prose nor Random Word-Order could the lead-in material have had any implications for the structural processing of the test-sentence.

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