Download Communicable disease control in emergencies : a field manual by M A Connolly; World Health Organization PDF

By M A Connolly; World Health Organization

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Clothing treated in this way will retain its insecticidal properties for several washes. Avoid the use of other pyrethroids, especially the cyanopyrethroids (alpha-cypermethrin, cyfluthrin, deltamethrin, lambda-cyhalothrin), as they may cause strong skin irritation. Application of dusts for control of body lice Application of insecticidal dusts for louse control requires the appropriate apparatus. Simple hand-pumped dusters are available and are effective but not very rapid to use. For mass treatment, powered dusters are more effective but need to be selected carefully.

Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 1996, 74:399–405. Porter JDH, van Look FL, Devaux A. Evaluation of two Kurdish refugee camps in Iran, May 1991: the value of cluster sampling in producing priorities and policy. Disasters, 1993, 17:341–347. Rapid health assessment protocols for emergencies. Geneva, World Health Organization, 1999. Roberts L, Despines M. Mortality in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Lancet, 1999, 353(9171):2249–2250. Roberts L. Mortality in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo: results from eleven mortality surveys.

2. The recommended figures for camp layout and services are only guidelines. In severely overcrowded, spontaneously settled camps it may be very difficult to achieve the recommended figures during the initial emergency phase and realistic compromises will have to be made. Nevertheless, the figures provide the basis for planning and are the targets at which to aim. 5 m2/person Number of people per water point 250 Number of people per latrine 20 Distance to water point 150 m maximum Distance to latrine 30 m Distance between water point and latrine 100 m Firebreaks 75 m every 300 m a b c In practice this may be difficult to achieve, for example in areas with a high population density where little land is available.

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