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By Greg Fry, Jacinta O'Hagan

This significant new booklet presents a unique and fascinating method of the research of diplomacy. Taking as its place to begin quite a number influential contemporary views at the altering international order (from Samuel P. Huntington's "clash of civilizations" among the West, and the remaining to Francis Fukuyama's "end of heritage" thesis) the e-book brings jointly specially-commissioned chapters written in a hugely obtainable sort by means of a really overseas forged of contributors.

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Francis Fukuyama is another who understands the implications of this struggle. Hence his promulgation about the end of the Cold War marking the ‘end of history’ (Fukuyama, 1992). This, of course, was not meant literally. Rather, what is at stake in Fukuyama’s proposition is not human history per se but the post-Enlightenment struggle between the great modern ‘isms’ (liberalism and socialism) to claim history in the name of modern rational man. Fukuyama’s proclamation of victory on behalf of liberal rational man – as global exemplar – is thus a victory which consigns socialism and not its liberal counterpart to the rubbish bin of history.

H. Carr, Morgenthau and Waltz). In this regard the Westphalian Model is the location of a crucial site of preference in modern Western theory and practice. Intellectually, it represents a preference for Hobbes’ pessimism about the human condition over, say, Cruce’s sense that the modern individual is capable of and inclined towards a fuller exposition of the human capacity. More significantly it represents a preference for the whole philosophy of the egoistic and anarchical imperative over, say, the Kantian perspective on the ethical imperative and its associated inclinations towards a democratic world order.

The right to shape the future in line with the reality of the past. This was always the prize in regard to the Cold War, as anyone pondering the impact of George Kennan’s famous ‘X’ telegram in 1945 could attest. Here, at another moment of confusion and indeterminacy within the Western IR community, Kennan’ s representation of Russian history – as brutal and expansionary – and of the Russian character – as ‘[i]mpervious to the logic of reason’ and ‘seemingly inaccessible to considerations of reality’ – became a central factor in subsequent Western interpretations of Soviet behaviour in the past, present and future (see Nathanson, 1988, p.

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