Download Counterpoint : based on eighteenth-century practice by Kent Wheeler Kennan PDF

By Kent Wheeler Kennan

Old standpoint -- "Strict" as opposed to "free" counterpoint -- Counterpoint as taught at the foundation of stylistic norms -- the character of counterpoint -- the only Melodic Line -- Melodic contour -- Relative significance of notes -- Harmonic implications -- The compound line -- variety -- different issues -- rules of Two-Voice Counterpoint -- caliber of person strains -- Independence among the strains -- cohesion -- Harmonic implications -- Consonance as opposed to dissonance -- Two-Voice routines, 1:1, 2:1 -- notice opposed to observe (1:1) -- notes opposed to one (2:1) -- Chromaticism (Two Voices) -- Melodic as opposed to harmonic utilization -- Modulation -- Chromatic spelling -- pass kin -- relating two-voice chromatic routines -- Two-Voice routines (Concluded) -- 3 notes opposed to one (3:1) -- 4 notes opposed to one (4:1) -- Syncopation (fourth species) -- 5th species -- Rhythmic task divided among the voices -- Writing of brief Two-Voice items -- shape -- decreasing or expanding the variety of voices -- diverse repetition -- Canon -- The two-voice canon on the octave -- Two-voice canons at different harmonic durations -- about the writing of two-voice canons -- Canons utilizing targeted units -- The observed canon -- Canons in 3 or extra voices -- The perpetual canon -- The double canon -- The enigma canon -- The spiral canon -- Invertible Counterpoint -- Inversion on the octave -- Inversion at periods except the octave -- common rules interested by writing invertible counterpoint

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1991); (4) a molecular jet separator by which the pressure is dropped, and higher molecular-weight analytes are separated 31 from the lighter carrier gas, which may be, for example, the CO2 on Mars or N2 on Titan (McFadden, 1973; Grayson and Wolf, 1967; de la Mora and Rosell-Llompart, 1989; Darrach and Chutjian, 1995); and (5) use of a new type of “volcano” field-emission ionizer array in which the small opening of the volcano tip provides a low-conductance entry to the ionizer region, as well as acts as a sharp tip for field-ionization of the analyte-carrier gas mixture (Spindt, 1992).

Form an isochron (Fig. 7), which defines the age of origin or equilibration. , portions of a rock prepared by physical separation of material) or multiple whole-rock samples from a cogenetic suite are commonly used in Rb-Sr, Sm-Nd, U-Pb, and other dating methods. Similarly, 40Ar/39Ar dating with stepped heating separates phases by their thermal stability, effectively yielding internal isochrons for rock samples. Potassium-argon dating with stepped dissolution (Wampler and Weaver, 1987) provides a similar separation by stability against chemical dissolution.

The isotopic composition of H and O in water, if known to 1%, would be useful in understanding the current interaction of the atmosphere and surface, and similar benefits would accrue from 1% level C measurements. 38Ar/ 36Ar and 129Xe/132Xe ratios would help identify the origin of SNC meteorites as being from Mars, even if measured at 10% levels, but a precision of 1–5% (particularly for 38Ar/36Ar) would be far better. 1%. Measurement of the 20Ne/21Ne/22Ne to a precision of better than 5% would be required to determine cosmic-ray exposure ages.

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