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By Carl Ratner

Qualitative methodologies in cultural psychology frequently lack the target and verifiable personality of quantitative research. writer Carl Ratner corrects this shortcoming through carefully systematizing qualitative equipment. The e-book discusses, for instance, technique of systematizing such subjective reviews as interviews, letters, and diaries, which regularly yield useful info that's not simply quantified. Ratner argues that "complex mental phenomena are expressed via prolonged responses" and for this reason are top studied by way of new, extra regularized qualitative tools that transcend measuring basic, overt responses.

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F. g. h. i. ignorance causes insecurity insecurity leads doctors not to study and to be ignorant ignorance leads to no interest in patients no interest in patients leads to ignorance no interest in patients leads to blaming patients blaming patients leads to no interest in patients ignorance leads to blaming patients insecurity leads to blaming patients no relation exists between the responses and they represent separate attitudes Each of these possibilities (a-i) conceals a different psychological theory.

In the hands of positivists, however, quantitative data provide little information about the qualitative nature of phenomena. Positivists are much more interested in measuring the degree to which phenomena are expressed than they are in describing the qualitative experience of depression, anger, schizophrenia, depth perception, shape constancy, field dependence, cognitive dissonance, diffusion of responsibility, or conformity. ) The preoccupation with quantity at the expense of quality stems from the assumption that qualities are adequately known from common observation.

Conversely, a value may be highly valued but easy to achieve, in which case it will not be selected as important. For example, middle-class parents may not select neatness because their children easily acquire this trait and so it is not problematic. These parents may actually value neatness quite highly (Kohn, 1977, pp. 23-24). In this case, differential ratings between middleand working-class parents may not reflect differential importance to the two groups. We simply do not know what rankings mean psychologically.

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