By Oscar H. Del Brutto, Héctor H. García
Neurocysticercosis (neural an infection through larvae of Taenia solium) happens whilst people develop into intermediate hosts of the tapeworm Taenia solium after eating its eggs. The ailment is now the commonest helminthic an infection of the anxious approach in people, and its occurrence has risen considerably even in nations the place it used to be previously thought of unique. The creation of contemporary neuroimaging and serologic concepts has more suitable the prognosis of neurocysticercosis; in addition, the advance of powerful cysticidal medicines has replaced the analysis of most influenced sufferers. however, a lot continues to be realized approximately this parasitic ailment. This booklet offers a complete and up to date overview of a number of the features of cysticercosis of the frightened process that may be of curiosity to all who're desirous about the care of sufferers with this disorder. Epidemiology, neuropathology, immunopathogenesis, medical manifestations, prognosis, and administration are all completely mentioned in line with present facts and perform.
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Extra info for Cysticercosis of the Human Nervous System
Stroke 23:280–283 Thomas JA, Knoth R, Schwechheimer K, Volk B (1989) Disseminated human neurocysticercosis. Acta Neuropathol 78:594–604 Trelles JO, Caceres A, Palomino L (1970) La cysticercose medullaire. Rev Neurol (Paris) 123:187–202 Valkounova J, Zdarska Z, Slais J (1992) Histochemistry of the racemose form of Cysticercus cellulosae. Folia Parasitol Praha 39:207–226 Ziaei M, Elgohary M, Bremmer FD (2011) Orbital cysticercosis, case report and review. Orbit 30:230–235 4 Epidemiology of Human Cysticercosis in Endemic Regions Taenia solium establishes its life cycle in regions where domestic pig raising coexists with poor sanitary conditions.
Seizure cases, however, are not clustered around the tapeworm carrier, likely reflecting a clinically silent period between infection and seizures longer than the average life span of the adult tapeworm (Lescano et al. 2009). Familiar aggregation of cases is likely due to common source exposure, although some sort of genetic predisposition to infection or disease cannot be ruled out. The polymorphism of toll-like receptor 4 has been shown to be associated to symptomatic disease in human neurocysticercosis (Verma et al.
Salud Púb Méx 24:649–660 Qi B, Ge P, Yang H, Bi C, Li Y (2011) Spinal intramedullary cysticercosis: a case report and literature review. Int J Med Sci 8:420–423 Rabiela MT, Rivas A, Castillo S, González-Angulo A (1985) Pruebas morfológicas de que C. cellulosae y C. racemosus son larvas de T. solium. Arch Invest Med Méx 16:83–86 Rabiela MT, Rivas A, Flisser A (1989) Morphological types of Taenia solium cysticerci. Parasitol Today 5:357–359 Rabiela-Cervantes MT, Rivas-Hernandez A, Rodriguez-Ibarra J, Castillo-Medina S, Cancino FM (1982) Anatomopathological aspects of human brain cysticercosis.