By Anne M. Van Leeuwen, Marijke Vroomen-Durning, Debra J. Poelhuis
Here is the data nurses and nursing scholars want to know approximately laboratory and diagnostic exams! This nursing-focused, easy-to-read guide presents the entire info you want to know how assessments paintings, interpret their effects, and supply caliber sufferer care, together with assessing, tracking, and educating at each level of care—pre-test, intra-test, and post-test. exams and tactics are indexed in alphabetical order by means of their entire identify for fast reference. The built-in index permits speedy searches by means of abbreviation, synonym, disease/disorder, specimen kind, or try out type. Plus, a physique platforms Appendix encompasses a checklist of universal laboratory and diagnostic checks for every physique procedure in addition to nutrition-related lab exams. Monographs every one written particularly to target what you want to do sooner than, in the course of, and after each one laboratory and diagnostic attempt. specified assurance of laboratory and diagnostic assessments for subspecialties, resembling maternity, healing drug tracking, meals and sensory. Reference levels expressed in either traditional and SI devices (with the SI unit conversion issue) contain age and gender-specific adaptations while indicated and general adaptations as a result of cultural concerns.
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Extra resources for Davis's Comprehensive Handbook of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests with Nursing Implications
REFERENCE VALUE: (Method: Spectrophotometry) Normally the albumin/globulin (A/G) ratio is greater than 1. com A 49248S_Monograph_p1-50 16 A 12/17/08 11:44 AM Page 16 Davis’s Comprehensive Laboratory and Diagnostic Handbook—with Nursing Implications DESCRIPTION: Most of the body’s total protein is a combination of albumin and globulins. Albumin, the protein present in the highest concentrations, is the main transport protein in the body. Albumin is synthesized in the liver. Low levels of albumin may be the result of either inadequate intake, inadequate production, or excessive loss.
See the Hepatobiliary and Musculoskeletal System tables at the back of the book for related tests by body system. Allergen-Specific Immunoglobulin E SYNONYM/ACRONYM: Allergen profile, radioallergosorbent test (RAST). 5 mL for each additional individual allergen) collected in a red- or tiger-top tube. 50 1 2 3 4 5 6 70–109 110–219 220–599 600–1999 2000–5999 Greater than 5999 Units/L DESCRIPTION: Allergen-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) or a radioallergosorbent test (RAST) is generally requested for groups of allergens commonly known to incite an allergic response in the affected individual.
POST-TEST: ➧ A written report of the results will be sent to the requesting HCP, who will discuss the results with the patient. ➧ After lumbar puncture, monitor vital signs and neurologic status every 15 min for 1 hr, then every 2 hr for 4 hr, and as ordered. Take the temperature every 4 hr for 24 hr. Compare ➧ ➧ ➧ ➧ ➧ ➧ ➧ with baseline values. Protocols may vary from facility to facility. Administer fluids, if permitted, to replace lost CSF and help prevent or relieve headache, which is a side effect of lumbar puncture.